Women’s height is a suspected factor for difficult deliveries, that is, shorter women are more likely to have Caesarean sections. A medical researcher found in a sample of 45 women who had a normal delivery that their mean height was 61.4 inches. A second sample of 39 women who had a Caesarean section had a mean height of 60.6 inches. Assume that the population of heights of normal deliveries has a population standard deviation of 1.2 inches. Also assume that the heights of the population of women who had Caesarean section births has a standard deviation of 1.1 inches. Are those who had a Caesarean section shorter? Use the .05 significance level. Find the p-value and explain what it means. |

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